The engines were assembled en route through the assembly line at General Motors (GM) manufacturing facility in Spring Hill, Tennessee on August 22, 2019.
Harrison McClary | Reuters
DETROIT – General Motors is temporarily idling or extending shutdowns at several plants in North America due to an ongoing shortage of semiconductor chips affecting the global automotive industry.
The temporary closures range from one or two weeks to several additional weeks for systems that have already been idle due to the part malfunction. GM will resume production of midsize pickups on Monday after a two-week shutdown due to the shortage at a Missouri facility.
The cost of the closings was factored into the company’s earnings forecast for the year, according to GM. The automaker believes the issue will cut its operating profit by $ 1.5 billion to $ 2 billion this year.
“We continue to work closely with our supply base to find solutions to our suppliers’ semiconductor needs and to reduce the impact on GM,” GM said in a statement it was emailed. “Our intention is to make up for as much production loss as possible in these plants.”
Semiconductors are key components that are used in, among other things, infotainment, power steering and braking systems. With multiple plants closed due to Covid last year, suppliers turned semiconductors away from automakers and into other industries, creating a shortage after consumer demand fell more than expected.
GM’s Spring Hill, Tennessee plant will close Saturday through April 23, according to a notice from the United Auto Workers union to workers received from CNBC. The system builds the crossovers GMC Acadia and Cadillac XT5 and XT6. GM confirmed the shutdown.
In addition, GM said another crossover plant producing the Chevrolet Traverse and Buick Enclave near Lansing, Michigan will be shut down the week of April 19, and production of the Chevrolet Blazer will be stopped at a plant in Mexico in this week will also be discontinued.
The company is also extending downtime at plants in Kansas and Canada that manufacture cars and crossovers through mid-May. They produce the Chevrolet Malibu sedan and Equinox and Cadillac XT4 crossovers. At another plant in Lansing, which manufactures the Chevrolet Camaro and the Cadillac CT4 and CT5, the downtime has been extended by two weeks to the first week of May.
For months, GM has been prioritizing the assembly of high-margin vehicles like full-size pickups by reducing the production of cars and crossovers. The company even partially builds pickups to finish and ship them out at a later date.
GM was forced to cease production of the midsize pickups Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon for two weeks. According to GM, the production of the smaller trucks will resume on Monday.
Consulting firm AlixPartners estimates the chip shortage will reduce global auto industry sales by $ 60.6 billion this year.
GM expects to post adjusted pre-tax profit of $ 10-11 billion, or $ 4.50-5.25 per share, this year. The automotive sector is projected to have adjusted free cash flow of $ 1 billion to $ 2 billion in 2021. The projections take into account the potential impact of chip scarcity, including a $ 1.5 billion to $ 2.5 billion impact on free cash flow.
GM CFO Paul Jacobson said last week he was “increasingly confident” that the automaker would meet its profit targets for the year despite the plant closings.